Mirena is a T shaped hormonal intrauterine device, or IUD, that can be used for effective and long-term and reversible birth control and to treat heavy periods. Mirena birth control works by releasing levonorgestrel. This hormone works to prevent pregnancy by thickening the mucus in the cervix, this stops sperm from penetrating the egg, and thinning the lining of the uterus, which suppresses menstrual bleeding.
Mirena insertion takes a few minutes.Mirena is inserted by the gynaecologist through the vagina, so no incision is required. After insertion,one can continue daily activities. Women who have just given birth or have had an abortion should wait at least six weeks before going for mirena insertion.
Benefits of Mirena
- Mirena is more than 99 percent effective.
- It lasts up to five years, according to the FDA.
- It is long-term and reversible birth control.
- Lactating mothers can still breastfeed.
- It uses a lower dose of hormones than some other birth control methods.
- It reduces or stops menstrual flow in women who suffer from excessive bleeding.
Patients with the following health conditions should not use Mirena
- Uterine abnormalities (including fibroids)
- History of pelvic inflammatory disease
- Postpartum endometriosis or recent infected abortion
- Abnormal Pap smear
- Genital bleeding
- Vaginal, cervical or genital infections
- Liver disease or tumors
- Breast cancer
- Known hypersensitivities to the IUD or any of its’ components