Haemorrhoidsare swollen veins in the lowest part of the rectum and anus.They are also called as Piles. Following are the surgical options of Haemorrhoidectomy:
- Haemorrhoidal artery ligation: Haemorrhoidal artery ligation is an operation to reduce the blood flow to the haemorrhoids. The surgeon can pinpoint the arteries through an ultrasound probe and then the arteries supplying the haemorrhoids and can be tied. This cuts off the blood supply to the haemorrhoids and they are reduced.
- Stapler Haemorrhoidectomy: Stapling, also known as stapled haemorrhoidopexy, is an
alternative to a conventional haemorrhoidectomy. It’s sometimes used to treat prolapsed
haemorrhoids. Surgeon uses a stapler-like device to reposition the haemorrhoids and cut
off their blood supply. Without blood, they'll eventually shrivel and die.Stapled
haemorrhoidectomy is a misnomer since the surgery does not remove the haemorrhoids but
rather, removes the abnormally lax and expanded haemorrhoidal supporting tissue that
causes the haemorrhoids to prolapse downward.
Staples fall off and pass in the stool unnoticed after several weeks. This is a relatively less painful procedure.
- Haemorrhoidectomy- Haemorrhoidectomy is the surgery to remove haemorrhoids. An incision is made in the anal canal and the haemorrhoids are removed. Recovery most often takes around 2-3 weeks.