Appendectomy is surgery to remove the appendix. The standard method is an open appendectomy. A newer, less invasive method is a laparoscopic appendectomy.
Laparoscopic Appendectomy:A laparoscopic surgery, also known as “minimally invasive surgery” or “keyhole surgery”, is a procedure wherein instead of one large incision, a few small incisions are made through which a laparoscope and the instruments for performing the surgery are inserted. A laparoscope is a thin tube with a camera attached in the front. Abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas, so that internal organs can be visualised easily through the camera.
- The laparoscope is put in and the appendix is located.
- Appendix is tied off with stitches and removed through an incision.
- When the surgery is done, the laparoscope and tools are removed. A small tube might be placed in the cut to drain out fluids.
Open appendectomy: In open surgery, a single larger cut is made in the lower right-hand side of the abdomen.An open appendectomy might be required instead of a laparoscopic appendectomy because of:
- Past abdominal surgery
- Ruptured appendix
- Appendicular mass