Laparoscopic surgery also known as minimal invasive surgery or key-hole surgery is a procedure that allows the surgeon to access the abdomen with the help of tiny incisions. Large cut is avoided during a laparoscopy because the surgeon uses an instrument called laparoscope, which is a small tube that has a light source and a camera attached to it. Small cuts allow the surgeon to insert a laparoscope and small surgical instruments. A tube is used to pump carbon dioxide gas into the abdomen. This gas allows the surgeon to look inside the abdomen easily.
Laparoscopy is done under general anaesthesia and the patient feels no pain during the procedure. It is used to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions of abdomen and pelvis.
Laparoscopy is a commonly performed procedure and serious complications are rare. It has several advantages over traditional surgeries:
- Smaller scars
- Faster recovery
- Shorter hospital stay
- Less internal scarrin
Complications of Laparoscopic surgeries: These are very rare but one should watch for the following warning signs:
- fevers or chills
- abdominal pain that becomes more intense over time
- redness, swelling, bleeding, or drainage at the incision sites
- continuous nausea or vomiting
- persistent cough
- shortness of breath
- inability to urinate
- light headedness