Gynecology and Obstetrics are the streams of medical science that deal with the well-being of the female sexual parts and the management of the complications that may arise during pregnancy. The scope of this stream is vast and the complications also vary according to the age and demographic nature of the patients. The Gynecologists usually do some routine tests and find out the cause of the disease and then drop down on a line of treatment.

Hypertension in pregnancy

Among the various other diseases handled by Gynecologists, hypertension during pregnancy is one of the major areas of importance that has been researched and treated over the years. Though high blood pressure is quite a common challenge faced by many women during pregnancy, yet if not managed well then it can cause serious health problems both for the mother and the child.

Reasons for hypertension in Pregnancy

The reason for this hypertension during pregnancy can be any or more than one of the contributors which are mentioned below:-

  • Overweight or Obese
  • Family history of Hypertension
  • Due to alternative processes of pregnancy like IVF
  • The patient is a smoker
  • Age ( over 35 years)
  • May be carrying more than one child
  • First-time pregnancy
  • The patient is alcoholic
  • Presence of Diabetes or any other autoimmune diseases, etc

Complications of Hypertension

The major two complications of hypertension in pregnancy are:


Also known as Toxemia this disease can cause serious health problems if not managed in time, causing danger to organs even the kidneys and brain. The typical symptoms are:

  • Unusual swelling of hands and face
  • The patients can see spots or changes in vision.
  • Upper abdominal pain.
  • Intermittent Headaches
  • Nausea and vomiting in later stages of pregnancy.
  • Difficulty in breathing.

HELLP syndrome

Usually an acronym for hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count. The symptoms associated are

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Upper abdominal pain

This condition can turn out to be life-threatening and can also be a complication of pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia can be diagnosed if the mother after the 20th week of pregnancy has high blood pressure and protein in her urine. HELLP syndrome can at times even turn out to be very critical and the doctor can call for premature delivery.

Thus in every stage of pregnancy if high blood pressure is confronted, or any symptoms arise then the best Gynae should be consulted immediately. It is always suggested to inform the consulting Gynecologist in case one happens to have high blood pressure or a family history of hypertension before conceiving. In case there is a high blood pressure post conceiving then that needs to be informed and monitored regularly.

Measures to control high BP

However, there are also various day-to-day ways, by following which normal blood pressure during these times can be maintained like:-

  • Stay active and carry out normal routine activities.
  • Low salt intake in food can help in the reduction of the blood pressure normally. Even a balanced diet chart can be prepared in consultation or assistance from the Gynaecologist
  • Carry out suggested exercises, yoga, walking, etc. This helps the body to maintain normal blood pressure levels.

Gurgaon has developed as one of the most progressive cities in India in recent times. Needless to say, the city is dotted by the presence of innumerable good hospitals and doctors as well. Among others, Dr. Saguna Shukla is considered as one of the best Gynaecologists in Gurgaon. With an experience of approximately 20 years, she has created a niche for herself. She is considered for her kindness and normal delivery which she does for her patients.


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