Total Knee Replacement
Knee replacement, also called knee arthroplasty or total knee replacement, is a surgical procedure to resurface a knee damaged by arthritis. Often used for people who have severe arthritis or a severe injury, the procedure entails removing the part of the knee severely affected and replacing it with an implant. The aim of the procedure is to relieve the severity of the pain that cannot be fixed with medication or treatments, as well as to regain function in the knee. The goal of knee replacement surgery is to relieve knee pain that cannot be controlled by other treatments and to restore function in severely damaged knee.
Patients eligible for this surgery have:
- Knee pain and stiffness that interferes with daily living and has not responded to appropriate nonsurgical treatments, such as exercise, weight loss, physical therapy, medications, steroid injections, and bracing.Pain prevents you from sleeping or doing normal activities.
- Knee deformity, such as bow-legs or knock-knees, that has resulted or been exacerbated by knee joint degeneration
- Chronic inflammation and swelling not improving with medicines.
- Excessive daytime sleeping and learning issues as a result of poor quality sleep
Complications following a Knee replacement surgery are low. Severe complications occur in less than 2% people. Some complications are:
- Implant problem
- Blood clots
- Neurovascular injury
- Continued pain
A patient can be deemed ineligible if they fall into any of the following categories:
- Morbid obesity
- Medical co-morbidities
- Active infection
- Psoriasis/ dematitis around the knee
- Peripheral vascular disease