A Complete Guide to Arthritis: Understanding Types, Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Arthritis is a wide-spread condition that affects millions of people worldwide. This condition is characterized by the inflammatory joints. It is a broader term for various conditions, each with their unique set of symptoms, causes, and treatments. If you suspect you have arthritis or are experiencing joint-related symptoms, consult an orthopaedic doctor near you for timely diagnosis and appropriate management.

When it comes to your bones and joints, choosing the right  hospital for orthopedic care is important. Miracles Apollo Cradle/Spectra stands out as the best orthopedic hospital in Gurgaon for several reasons. They have a team of highly experienced and renowned orthopedic surgeons in Gurgaon, known for their expertise in treating a wide range of conditions. They use cutting-edge minimally invasive techniques, ensuring faster recovery and less pain. 

If you're seeking the best possible orthopedic treatment in Gurgaon, Miracles Apollo Cradle/Spectra should be your top choice.

In this complete guide, we will delve into the different aspects  of arthritis, providing important information about the types, symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

Types of Arthritis:

  • Osteoarthritis (OA):  It is the most common type of arthritis in which the cartilage wears down or/and the space between the joints reduces due to age related wear and tear. Cartilage cushions the ends of bones. OA generally affects the weight-bearing joints such as the knees, hip and spine in elderly population.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA):  It is an autoimmune disorder in which synovial lining becomes inflamed and the ligaments become loose. Rheumatoid Arthritis is characterized by morning stiffness, swelling and involvement of joints on both sides. RA generally affects the hands, elbows and knees of the young people.
  • Gout: This form of arthritis is caused by increased levels of uric acid in blood. Urate crystals deposit in the joints,leading to redness and inflammation. Gout most commonly affects the small joints especially the great toe
  • Psoriatic Arthritis: This type of arthritis affects some people with psoriasis. Psoriatic arthritis is characterized by joint inflammation, morning stiffness, changes in nails and skin lesions. It primarily affects  the fingers, toes and spine.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: It is also an autoimmune disorder which primarily affects the males in their 20s. The inflammation starts at sacroiliac joints and ascends upwards till cervical spine. The common symptoms are pain and stiffness after rest.

What are the Symptoms of Arthritis?

The symptoms of Arthritis can vary depending on its type and joints it affects.

Some common symptoms include:

  • Joint pain

  • Swelling

  • Stiffness

  • Inflammation 

  • Decreased range of motion

  • Skin discoloration

  • Warm joints

  • Tenderness around joints

  • Sensitivity to joints

  • Deformity

What are the Causes and Risk Factors of Arthritis?

While the exact causes of arthritis may vary depending on its type. However some common causes and risk factors include:

  • Age

  • Genetics

  • Injuries to the joints

  • Obesity

  • Gender (some types are more common in women and others are in men)

  • Infections

  • Family history

  • Tobbacco use

Some individuals have a higher risks of Arthritis including: 

  • Elderly people

  • Athletes

  • People who are not physically active.

  • People having the job that involves prolonged standing, crouching and being on hands and knees.

How do Doctors Diagnose Arthritis?

For effective management of arthritis, accurate diagnosis plays an important role. Ortho may use various diagnostic methods, including:

Physical Examination: Orthopedic doctor will conduct physical examination. They will take your medical history, family history and ask about your symptoms. It is important to tell your doctor about the signs you are experiencing and the activities that increases/ decreases your symptoms. Then they will examine your affected joints to check your range of motion. 

Diagnostic Tests: To understand more clearly about the arthritis, your orthopedic specialist may order some tests including:

The diagnostic procedures help them rule out the injuries or issues that may causes similar symptoms.

What is the Treatment For Arthritis?

The arthritis can’t be cured. But your orthopedic specialist will recommend you treatment to manage your symptoms. The treatments will depend on the type and causes of arthritis.

The most common type of treatment for arthritis include:

  • Medications: Orthopedic doctor may recommend your anti-inflammatory over-the-counter medications such as Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and corticosteroids. These medications can help manage symptoms of arthritis and slow down its progression.

  • Physical Therapy or Occupational Therapy: Orthopedic specialists may recommend you physical therapy or occupational therapy. These therapies can help improve the function, flexibility, strength and range of motion of joints.

  • Lifestyle Modification: Eating healthy food, regular exercises, maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in joint-friendly activities can help relieve symptoms.

  • Surgery: In severe cases, when the non-surgical techniques are not effective. Orthopedic surgeons may recommend surgical interventions like joint replacement.

How Can We Prevent Arthritis?

While not all types of arthritis can be prevented. Some  types of arthritis can occur naturally and some can be due to some health issues. Certain lifestyle modifications can reduce the risk of developing arthritis including: 

  • Maintain a healthy weight

  • Exercise regularly

  • Wear protect equipments to protect your joints from injury

  • Stay hydrated

  • Eat a balanced diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods.

  • Avoid tobacco products

When to See Your Healthcare Provider?

It's essential to consult with a healthcare professional in following conditions:

  • If you experience persistent joint pain, swelling, or stiffness

  • If your symptoms are worsening.

Early diagnosis and treatment can help improve outcomes and quality of life.


Arthritis is a group of complex conditions that can have severe impact on your daily life. Understanding the types, symptoms, causes, and treatments can help people to take steps toward addressing arthritis effectively.

Miracles Healthcare is the best orthopedic hospital in Gurgaon. Choosing it for your orthopedic needs means prioritizing advanced expertise, complete care, and a patient-centric experience. They boast a team of renowned  orthopaedic doctor in Gurgaon, recognized for their successful track record in minimally invasive and complex surgeries. With cutting-edge technology and advanced diagnostics, they offers precise and accurate treatment options. From pre-operative consultations to post-operative rehabilitation, every step is designed to ensure your optimal recovery. 

Miracles Healthcare offers comprehensive healthcare services through multiple facilities: Miracles Apollo Cradle, Miracles Apollo Cradle/Spectra, Miracles Fertility & IVF Clinic, and Miracles Mediclinic. Our facilities are located in Sec 14, Sec 56, and Sec 82, making daily healthcare more convenient for the people of Gurgaon.

So, if you're seeking the best possible orthopedic care in Gurgaon, Schedule a consultation with the best ortho doctors in Gurgaon at Miracles Healthcare for quality healthcare.


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