Understanding Anal Fistulas: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment Options

An anal fistula is a medical condition that can cause discomfort and pain for affected individuals. A fistula occurs when a tunnel-like tract develops between the anal canal and the skin near the anus.

Don’t let an anal fistula affect your quality of life. Like any other disease, anorectal diseases and conditions deserve the same attention. Consult with the best anal fistula treatment doctors near you at Miracles Apollo Cradle/Spectra

As the best laser fistula treatment hospital, we offer quality treatment with a team of highly experienced anal fistula doctors in Gurgaon. They diagnose and treat disorders related to the anus, colon, and rectum effectively and safely. With a successful track record of treating hundreds of fistulas, we provide minimal-invasive fistula treatment. Contact us for personalized care.

Let's get an overview of anal fistula and discuss its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options.

Overview of Anal Fistula:

An anal fistula is a small tunnel that occurs between the skin and the end of the anus. This tunnel usually develops after an anal pimple, which is a collection of pus in the tissues around the anus. If left untreated, it can cause discomfort, pain, and complications.

Symptoms of Anal Fistula:

  • Pain and Discomfort: Persistent pain around the anus during bowel movements is one of the primary symptoms of an anal fistula.

  • Drainage of Pus or Blood: The drainage of pus or blood from an opening near the anus is a common sign of infection within the fistula tract.

  • Swelling and Redness: The fistula can cause inflammation, swelling, and redness on the skin around the anal area.

  • Fever: In some cases, patients may experience a high-grade fever due to anal fistula infection.

Causes of Anal Fistula:

Anal fistulas result from an infection of an anal gland, leading to the development of an abscess. Common causes include:

  • Anal Abscess: Infections in the anal glands can develop into an abscess, which may, if untreated, form a fistula.

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): Conditions like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis can increase the risk of anal fistulas.

  • Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): Infections such as syphilis or chlamydia can lead to fistulas in the anal region.

Diagnosis of Anal Fistula:

If you suspect an anal fistula, consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis. Common diagnostic methods include:

  • Physical Examination: A thorough physical examination of the anal area can help identify signs of a fistula, such as drainage openings or swelling.

  • Imaging Tests: Techniques like MRI or ultrasound may visualize the fistula tract, determining its depth and complexity.

  • Fistulography: This involves injecting a contrast dye into the fistula tract, making it more visible on X-rays for diagnosis.

Treatment of Anal Fistula:

Treatment varies depending on severity and involves a combination of medical and surgical approaches:

  • Drainage of Abscess: If an abscess is present, it needs to be drained to relieve symptoms and reduce complications.

  • Antibiotics: In cases of infection, antibiotics may be prescribed to clear the infection and prevent recurrence.

  • Surgery: Anal fistula surgery may be necessary for severe cases, involving procedures like fistulotomy or more complex surgeries for deep or recurring fistulas.

  • Seton Placement: A piece of thread or rubber band may be placed through the fistula tract for continuous drainage and healing.


Anal fistulas can seriously affect a person's quality of life, with both physical and psychological effects. Timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment can lead to effective management.

Miracles Healthcare is the best general surgery hospital in Gurgaon, boasting a dedicated team of general surgery doctors in Gurgaon, specializing in fistula treatment. Equipped with advanced laser techniques, we offer a structured approach to diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up for better outcomes. 

Miracles Healthcare offers comprehensive healthcare services through multiple facilities: Miracles Apollo Cradle, Miracles Apollo Cradle/Spectra, Miracles Fertility & IVF Clinic, and Miracles Mediclinic. Our facilities are located in Sec 14, Sec 56, and Sec 82, making daily healthcare more convenient for the people of Gurgaon.

If you experience symptoms associated with anal fistulas, consult a general surgeon near you for personalized advice and treatment.


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